Dima Eremin
December 4, 2023

Call Recording Laws: Everything You Need to Know

Learn more about call recording laws in different countries to stay compliant and protect your business! ✅

Call Recording Laws: Everything You Need to Know
Call Recording Laws: Everything You Need to Know

When working remotely, it can be challenging to focus during meetings due to multitasking and disruptions like loud traffic, background noise from family members or pets, and unexpected interruptions. 

Having recordings of meetings and calls ready for later review can help you overcome these challenges and stay on top of important discussions. This way, you can revisit important points you may have missed before and ensure you capture all essential details.

However, strict laws govern call recording, and failure to comply with these regulations can result in severe consequences for your business. 

In this blog post, we'll explore everything you need to know about call recording laws to ensure your business complies and avoid any legal issues.

When not to record a meeting

It's important to consider certain factors before recording calls or meetings involving other people.

Meeting recording laws differ from country to country. Some countries require the consent of all meeting participants, while others only need one person's approval. It's important to comply with the recording laws of the country where you are located. 

Other examples include:

  • Discussions with sensitive or confidential information
  • Meetings with inappropriate or sensitive topics
  • Legal restrictions that prohibit the recording of meetings

Meetings where feedback is exchanged, such as performance evaluations or those between patients and healthcare professionals controlled by HIPAA, should be kept confidential.

It is important to obtain consent from all participants to record these meetings. Additionally, you must ensure that the recording is only accessible to those in the discussion and not shared with anyone else.

Introduction to Call Recording Law

Call recording laws are in place to safeguard privacy and maintain trust, but what exactly do they entail?

We will delve into the call recording laws of various countries and their specific provisions. However, the fundamental principle is relatively straightforward: always obtain consent before recording.

Asking for everyone's consent before commencing the recording process goes beyond being courteous; it is often the only way to comply with relevant legislation.

Requesting permission to record meetings and calls

Here's a breakdown of what requesting consent or permission for recording entails:

  1. Inform all participants before recording the meeting or call. This transparency ensures that everyone is aware of the recording process. 
  2. Seek express agreement from all parties involved. It can be active or passive consent. Active consent involves letting everyone know that the meeting or call will be recorded and asking for explicit agreement. Passive consent is obtained when participants are informed and do not object to the recording.  
  3. Explain why you want to record the meeting or call. Participants should understand the purpose of the recording, whether it is for documentation, training, or quality assurance.
  4. Consider the sensitivity of the discussion. If the topic is discreet or private, obtaining explicit consent becomes even more important to show respect for the participants' privacy.
  5. Give participants the option to decline session recording. Communicate that participation is voluntary, and they can opt-out without any consequences. 

These steps ensure the recording process is transparent, respectful, and compliant with privacy regulations.

Call recording laws in the USA

Call recording laws in the USA
Image source: Recordinglaw

The Electronic Communications Privacy Act (ECPA) regulates call recording in the United States. It covers the transfer of human voice from origin to reception via electronic communication, including phone calls and video conferencing.

However, consent laws in the US vary by state and are subject to change.

Therefore, before you start recording any meeting calls, you must thoroughly familiarize yourself with the rules and regulations governing your specific state to achieve compliance.

One-party consent states

One-party consent means that recording a discussion is legal as long as one party consents. Thirty-eight states and the District of Columbia have embraced one-party consent, including the following:

  • Alabama
  • Alaska
  • Arizona
  • Arkansas
  • D.C.
  • Georgia
  • Hawaii
  • Idaho
  • Indiana
  • Iowa
  • Kansas
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Maine
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri
  • Nebraska
  • New Jersey
  • New Mexico
  • New York
  • North Carolina
  • South Carolina
  • North Dakota
  • South Dakota
  • Ohio
  • Oklahoma
  • Rhode Island
  • Tennessee
  • Texas, Utah
  • Virginia
  • West Virginia
  • Wisconsin, and 
  • Wyoming.

In summary, if you find yourself in a one-party consent state, recording conversations without permission from other participants is legally acceptable as long as you are one of the participants.

Two-party consent states (all-party consent)

In states where two-party (all-party) consent is required, all participants must give explicit permission, either through audio or visual means, before recording the call.

Thirteen states follow the two-party consent rule, including California, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Illinois, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Montana, Oregon, Nevada, New Hampshire, Pennsylvania, and Washington.

Mixed-consent states 

When dealing with recording rules across state lines, it is best to follow the stricter laws to ensure compliance.

When discussing states with mixed-consent laws, there are specific nuances you should consider for compliance in those particular states.

For example, Vermont does not have a law regulating call recordings, whereas Hawaii, despite being a one-party consent state, requires consent from both parties (two-party consent) if the recording device is privately installed.

Interestingly, Oregon requires two-party consent for in-person conversations but only one-party consent for electronic communications. Connecticut follows the opposite pattern, requiring two-party consent for electronic communications and one-party consent for in-person conversations.

If you want to record your meeting calls, consent is important. It carries significant weight in conversations with a reasonable expectation of privacy, implied or explicitly given, depending on the state regulations.

The first step before recording a call is to research your state's call recording laws and regulations, as special rules may apply.

Call recording laws in the European Union (EU)

Call recording laws in the European Union (EU)
Image source: Wikipedia

The European Union has some of the strictest data protection laws in the world. As a result, if your company operates within EU member countries or serves customers in the EU, it is mandatory to comply with the regulations outlined in the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) of the European Union.

According to GDPR, all parties involved in a call or meeting must provide explicit consent before initiating recording. This regulation closely resembles the approach of two-party consent states in the US.

Under GDPR, acceptable reasons to record meetings include the following:

  • Recording the conversation is vital to fulfilling a contractual agreement between the involved parties
  • Recording is done to fulfill legal requirements
  • The recording is necessary to safeguard the interests of one or more parties involved
  • The recording is considered in the public interest or authorized by an official entity
  • The recorder may only record calls if their interests do not outweigh those of the other parties involved

Call recording laws in Canada

Call recording laws in Canada
Image source: Unsplash

According to section 183.1 of the Canadian Criminal Code, it is legal to record a call if at least one person participating in the conversation consents.

Recording a call and using it as evidence in a dispute is acceptable. According to the one-party consent rule, it is allowed if one person involved in the conversation agrees to the recording. In simpler terms, if you are part of the conversation and consent to the recording, you are within your rights to record it.

In Canada, there is an ongoing debate about whether or not it is morally right to inform the other party about the recording during the call. However, it's worth noting that it is not mandatory to do so from a legal standpoint. Certain professions, such as law, may have specific rules for recording client calls without obtaining permission.

Businesses that engage in sales must obtain customer consent. Government offices must also inform callers of call recordings for quality control. Companies also fall under the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (PIPEDA) or other provincial legislation.

For example, when you contact an airline, they may inform you they are recording the call for monitoring and training purposes. In such situations, you can record the conversation for your needs since they are already recording you. 

Call recording laws in Australia

Call recording laws in Australia

Laws regulating call recording practices differ across Australian states. It's crucial to review specific laws in your state, although there is a primary federal legislation (more on that below).

For instance, if you are in New South Wales, Australia, it's important to know that the Surveillance Devices Act 2007 applies in that region. This act makes it illegal to intentionally use a listening device to record a conversation without all parties' consent.

It is mandatory in all Australian states, except for Queensland, to obtain some form of consent before recording calls. Even when explicit consent is not required, strict regulations regarding the use and disclosure of recordings protect individual privacy. 

The Telecommunications Interception and Access Act 1979 (TIA Act) is a federal law that makes it illegal to listen to or record a conversation without one or both parties' consent.

According to the Telecommunications Interception and Access Act, all parties (including customers, clients, and colleagues) must be informed about the possibility of their recordings being listened to and provide consent for such purposes.

In Australia, most states adhere to the two-party consent rule for recording calls.

Call recording laws in South Africa

Call recording laws in South Africa

In South Africa, the recording of communications is governed by the Regulation of Interception of Communications and Provision of Communication-Related Information Act of 2002, also known as RICA. The Act stipulates that individuals are required to obtain consent before recording any conversation. 

However, there are exceptions outlined in Section 4 of the Act:

  • If you are a participant in the conversation
  • If you got written consent from at least one party involved
  • If the discussion relates to your business activities or takes place during your business hours

In South Africa, there is a difference between third-party monitoring, which involves the recording of a conversation by someone who is not a participant (such as eavesdropping or phone tapping), and participant monitoring, which involves the recording of a conversation when you are one of the parties involved – such as in an online meeting.

It means that recording your conversation is not equivalent to eavesdropping and does not fall under third-party monitoring, which is deemed unlawful.

In South Africa, recording conversations is legal if you are one of the participants (one-party consent).

How Bluedot Ensures Compliance with Call Recording Laws

How Bluedot Ensures Compliance with Call Recording Laws

Bluedot is our AI-powered meeting recorder. Our integration with Google Meet makes it easy to record, transcribe, and summarize video meetings with high accuracy. It employs AI to create session notes you can share on Slack, Notion, or your chosen CRM.

Bluedot does not require calendar access or a separate bot for meeting recordings.

At BluedotHQ, we take the protection of your data seriously. Our platform fully complies with the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). It means we adhere to the highest encryption and secure data storage techniques required by EU data protection laws. 

We also protect your meeting data against unauthorized access or third-party interference, giving you confidence in our ability to keep your work and personal information secure.

If you are in a country requiring two-party consent to record a conversation, you must notify your fellow participants before recording. Bluedot can help you comply with call recording laws and streamline the process of getting consent with its straightforward notification feature.

Before starting a call recording, you can enable notifications for all participants. They will receive a message on Google Meet chat that the meeting is being recorded and transcribed for note-taking purposes.

That’s it – everything is done in seconds.

Request a demo to learn more about our AI meeting recorder.

Additional resources:


Navigating the legal landscape of recording conversations can be tricky, but it's essential to do so to stay on the right side of the law. 

Since call recording laws vary across different regions, knowing the rules is crucial before hitting the record button. In this guide, we cover the nuances of laws in the US and Europe and specific regulations in Canada, Australia, and South Africa to keep you on track.  If you want to record your conversations safely, you can install Bluedot's free Chrome extension. Our AI-powered meeting assistant helps you stay compliant while capturing the moments that matter. 

Upgrade your recording experience with Bluedot. Request a demo today to learn more.


Let’s answer some frequently asked questions about call recording laws.

What are you risking by violating call recording laws?

It is crucial to follow call recording laws to avoid severe consequences, such as legal proceedings and financial penalties. In several jurisdictions, recording conversations without obtaining proper one-party or two-party consent is considered a criminal offense. 

Failure to comply with these laws can result in legal action against businesses and individuals, leading to fines and other repercussions.

Therefore, it is essential to have a clear understanding of the call recording laws in your country and abide by them to prevent any potential risks.

In which countries can you record without consent?

The rules around recording conversations without consent can differ from country to country. In some places, like certain states in the United States, you can record a conversation as long as one participant consents. 

However, in many countries, particularly in the European Union, strict laws require the consent of all parties involved. 

To avoid any legal issues, always check the specific regulations of the country you're in before recording any conversations.

What are the GDPR requirements for call recording?

If you're recording a call under the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), which governs data protection in the European Union, you must follow strict rules. 

According to GDPR, you must have a valid reason for recording a call, obtain explicit consent from all parties involved, and inform them of the purpose of the recording. 

You can record a call if it's necessary for fulfilling a contract, legal obligations, protecting interests, acting in the public's interest, or pursuing legitimate interests, as long as they don't override the interests of other parties. 

Following GDPR requirements is extremely important for businesses that operate in EU states or deal with EU customers.

In the next episode:
How to record a Google Meet meeting using Bluedot Extension
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